-Advanced Polymer Monitoring Technologies, Inc.
-Polymer Standards Service
-Brookhaven Instruments Corp.
-International Specialty Products
Kinetics of copolymerization reactions of 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl acrylate (DMAEA) and styrene byreversible addition fragmentation transfer (RAFT) in N,N dimethyformamide (DMF) are reported. Novel approaches in the online monitoring of the synthesis of the amphiphilic copolymers by Automatic Continuous Online Monitoring of Polymerization Reactions (ACOMP) are presented. Automatic withdrawal of separate reactor streams and their subsequent dilution throughout the reaction with organic and aqueous solvents, respectively, allowed different features to be captured. Thus, light scattering data combined with spectroscopic and viscometric measurements in DMF, together with conductivity measurements in aqueous medium provided in real time comonomer conversion, copolymer mass, reduced viscosity, and composition. Continuous data gathered allowed observing and quantifying the DMAEA-linked macroRAFT control agent decomposition, with significant effects on the reaction kinetics. Deviations from controlled behavior were investigated during (co)polymerization reactions under different conditions. Multi-detector Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) and NMR were used to bring addition information on the system investigated.
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