August 21, 2014

Arthur Nead

Phone: 504-247-1443

anead@tulane.edu

Frank Tipler, professor of mathematical physics at Tulane, provides a mathematical proof that Einstein was correct: "God does not play dice with the universe."

Tulane University professor of mathematical physics Frank J. Tipler has published a proof of Albert Einstein's claim that "God does not play dice with the universe" in the journal *Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences*. Tipler's proof also provides evidence for the existence of an infinite number of other universes, all of which contain identical copies of every human being now alive in our own universe.

Physicists have noted apparent fundamental differences in the behavior of objects in the ordinary world, and objects in the microscopic or “quantum” world of atoms and subatomic particles. Early quantum physics theorists posited the notion of “nonlocality” to explain these seeming differences. The phenomenon was first described by physicists Albert Einstein, Boris Podolsky and Nathan Rosen in their 1935 article, “Can quantum mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?”

Einstein and his co-authors believed that a paradox arises when observers measure attributes such as spin of a pair of co-generated electrons. If one of the electrons is observed to be a particular state of spin, then the other seems instantaneously to assume the complementary or opposite state. This instantaneous linking of particles at a distance was described by Einstein as “spooky action at a distance,” and it represented a departure from the “local” nature of classical physical interactions that he could not accept.

Tipler provides a new approach to nonlocality. The concept can be dismissed as “an artifact of the assumption that observers obey the laws of classical mechanics whereas observed systems obey quantum mechanics,” says Tipler.

Tipler calls for a new Copernican Revolution, bringing our common-sense observations of nature into line with the principles of quantum physics. “It is time to see the measurements of the electron spin frequencies through the laws of quantum mechanics, which apply not only to electrons but also to the physicists who measure these spins,” he says.

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